Understanding the MiFID II Inducements Regime

The MiFID II inducements regime is complex and can cause confusion. MiFID II contains a number of inducements requirements, including rules relating to conflicts of interest, research, hospitality, corporate access, and payment for order flow. Not only do these different requirements apply to different scenarios, but the same requirements apply differently to the different parties

Trade in Data: Constructive Limits of Personal Data Ownership

Trade in data is becoming crucial for economic growth in Europe. In this context, creating data ownership rights is one way to provide a clear legal framework for the emerging data economy. However, to circumvent privacy issues spurred by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the subject-matter of trade-oriented debates is typically restricted to non-personal

Bailouts, the legal status of Memoranda of Understanding, and the scope of application of the EU Charter: Florescu

It is a measure of the complexity of Economic and Monetary Union law that almost 10 years since the onset of the Euro crisis we do not yet have an answer to some of the most fundamental legal questions about the bailouts that were coordinated by the EU: 1) What is the legal nature (and/or

Law and Autonomous Systems Series: How to Resolve Smart Contract Disputes – Smart Arbitration as a Solution

Recent developments in ‘smart’ digital technologies, in particular blockchain technology, are changing and challenging the framework in which business is conducted. A prominent feature of the decentralized world of blockchain is that there are no external authorities, whether public or private, which can dictate or verify any of the transactions that are added to the system.

Impact on French Tax Law: EU

In January 2018, the French Parliament formalized – as part of the 2018 Finance Act – several tax changes likely to impact companies including the repeal of the 3% additional tax on redistributions from the French Tax Code. This suppression, estimated to cost €9bn to the Government in claims for reimbursements, follows rulings asserting its

Nuclear Diplomacy, by North Korea and International Law

“Where will it end? When will it all be lulled back into sleep, and cease, the bloody hatreds, the destruction?” -Aeschylus, presenting the conclusion of Agamemnon If US President Donald Trump should sometime manage to re-start the cancelled nuclear summit talks with Kim Jung Un, his core focus should be on achieving stable nuclear deterrence,

Zimbabwe court rules citizens abroad cannot vote in upcoming election

The Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe [official website] ruled [opinion, PDF] Wednesday that citizens of Zimbabwe living outside of the country would be ineligible to vote in the nation’s upcoming July election. Zimbabweans living in the diaspora, or scattered around the world, and represented by Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights [advocacy website] filed suit arguing that

Dataism vs. Privacy-Facebook in the Spotlight

The Challenge of Policing Facebook Are our institutions up to the challenge of protecting users from information-age problems? This is the high-level question emerging from the Facebook-Cambridge Analytica debate. While on one hand Facebook and similarly-situated companies will pay some regulatory price, our public institutions are also in the crosshairs. In the U.S., the much-praised

Environmental Legislation in Bahrain

-The present essay is the product of a thourough research, conducted for long period and presented in Bahrain – It is true that the commercial and industrial developments are the main reasons for why the countries progress. But, it also brings some adverse effects for the environment. As industries emit the dangerous gases which not

Federal Judge Holds Kansas Elections Official In Contempt Of Court

A federal judge has found Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach in contempt of court for disobeying a court order in a case testing that state’s controversial proof-of-citizenship voting law. U.S. District Judge Julie Robinson says Kobach violated her preliminary injunction to allow some potentially ineligible voters to remain eligible to cast a ballot, pending